نظم المعلومات الإدارية MIS هي بناء نظمة حاسوبية تكنولوجية تعمل على مساعدةالمؤسسات المختلفة في القيام بأعمالها، وتقوم بعدة وظائف من المساعدة المكتبية والقيام بالمهمات المحاسبية وتنظيم الاجتماعات، كل هذا وأكثر من كل ما قد يساعد المؤسسات في عملية اتخاذ القرار.

كما أن استخدام المؤسسات للنظم الحاسوبية في العمليات الإدارية يخفف من الأعباء، ويخفف المصاريف المالية على الموظفين، وتتغلب على العديد من السلبيات للعمل البشري التي قد يتسبب بها الملل من العمل الروتيني أو عدم وجود الحافز المعنوي اللازم، كما تساعد على تصغير حجم المؤسسات الذي يزيد من أعبائها. كما أن امتلاك المؤسسات لنظم المعلومات الحاسوبية يزيد من القدرة التنافسية للمؤسسة في بيئة العمل.

رغم هذا فإن استخدام هذه النظم في المؤسسات الإدارية يزيد من أعداد العاطلين عن العمل، كما أنه يقلل من فرص الإبداع والتجديد، ويزيد من العزلة البشرية لأنه يقلل التواصل الاجتماعي مع الناس.

Management Information Systems (MIS), sometimes referred to as Information Management and Systems, is the discipline covering the application of people, technologies, and procedures — collectively called information systems — to solving business problems. Management Information Systems are distinct from regular information systems in that they are used to analyze other information systems applied in operational activities in the organization. Academically, the term is commonly used to refer to the group of information management methods tied to the automation or support of human decision making, e.g. Decision Support Systems, Expert systems, and Executive information systems.

Background

In their infancy, business computers were used for the practical business of computing the payroll and keeping track of accounts payable and receivable. As applications were developed that provided managers with information about sales, inventories, and other data that would help in managing the enterprise, the term “MIS” arose to describe these kinds of applications. Today, the term is used broadly in a number of contexts and includes (but is not limited to): decision support systems, resource and people management applications, project management, and database retrieval applications.

Definition

The terms MIS and information system are often confused. Information systems include systems that are not intended for decision making. MIS is sometimes referred to, in a restrictive sense, as information technology management. That area of study should not be confused with computer science. IT service management is a practitioner-focused discipline. MIS has also some differences with Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) as ERP incorporates elements that are not necessarily focused on decision support.

Alan Lee defines MIS as “…research in the information systems field examines more than just the technological system, or just the social system, or even the two side by side; in addition, it investigates the phenomena that emerge when the two interact.”.

Sources

  1. ^ a b O’Brien, J (1999). Management Information Systems – Managing Information Technology in the Internetworked Enterprise (in English). Boston: Irwin McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0071123733.
  2. ^ Lee, AS (2001). “Editor’s Comments”. MIS Quarterly 25 (1): iii-vii.